Statistical activities in Indonesia has
already begun during the Dutch colo-nial period carried out by a
statistical office established in Bogor in Febru¬ary 1920 by the
Director of /Agriculture, Industry and Trade (Directeur van Landbouw
Nijverheld en Handel). The task of the office was to process and
publish statistical data. On September 24, 1924 the office was moved
to Jakarta and was named Centraal Kantoor voor de Statistiek (CKS)
Central Office of Statistics and the office's main activity was to
support the Dutch colonial government in its policy formulation. At
that time its operation was limited to simple statistics, such as
registering agriculture and collecting data on prices.
The activities were expanded in 1930 when the law on Population Census
was issued and then, again in 1934, when the law on Statistics was
In 1930, the office conducted a monumental task, the 1930 Population
Census, the first one in Indonesia.
Kantoor voor de Statistiek (CKS) was the unit within the Departement
van Economischezaken (Economics Ciepartement) responsible for
statistical data collection during the dutch colonial period. Shown
here is the picture of a row of the unit's officers standing on the
foreground of their office.
.The Japan Period
When the Japanese Army occupied Indonesia in the period of 1942-1945,
the Central Office of Statistics came within the jurisdiction of the
Japa¬nese Military Government (Sunseikanbu) and its activities were
directed mainly to support war and military actions. At that time, the
Central Office of Statistics was named "Shomubu Chosasitsu Gunseikanbu."
The Independence Period - now
After the independence of the Republic of Indonesia was proclaimed on
August 17, 1945, Shomubu Chosasitsu Sunseikanbu was nationalized and
named Kantor Penyelidikan Perangkaan Umum Republik Indonesia (KAPPURI)
or the Office of General Statistical Research of the Republic of
When the Republic's government evacuated from Jakarta to Yogyakarta at
beginning of 1946, K/4PPURI was also moved to Yogyakarta.
In the meantime, the Dutch Federal Government (NIC/4) reactivated the
Central Office of Statistics (CKS) which had temporarily been under
the Japanese authorities.
Stable or unstable, statistical functions must be carried out
continuously. During and after the 1965 coup attempt, an unstable
period, BPS ought to perform its
duty as an agency providing statistical data. The picture shows a
classroom scene in an enumerators training of livestock survey,
undertaken in 1967
After the Dutch Government officially acknowledged the sovereignty of
the Republic of Indonesia in 1949, the Government of the Republic of
Indonesia was reinstalled in Jakarta. By virtue of the Ministry of
Welfare Decree Number 219/S.C., dated June 12, 1950 the two offices,
KAPPURI and CKS (Central Office of Statistics) were merged into Kantor
Pusat Statistik (KPS) or the Central Office of Statistics, and came
under the aegis of the Ministry of Welfare.
The Government of the Republic of Indonesia continued to develop the
status of KPS and on March 1,1952, the Minister of Economy issued
Decree Number P/44 by which KPS was made responsible to the Minister
of Economy. On December 24, 1953, by Decree number 18.099/M KPS was
subdivided into two divisions; i.e., Division A responsible for
research, and Division B responsible for research and administration.
When the Ministry of Economy was split into the Ministry of Trade and
the Ministry of Industry by Presidential Decree Number 131, 1957, the
status of KPS was indeterminate. However, by Presidential Decree
number X/172 of June 1, 1957, it was changed into Biro Pusat Statistik
(BPS) - Central Bureau of Statistics - with a new status by which it
is put directly responsible to the Prime Minister.
According to Article 2 of Law Number 6/1960 on Census, on September
24, 1960, BPS was designated as the agency to carry out population
census. To fulfill Article 2 of that Law, on September 24, 1960 BPS
embarked on a formidable task, the first population census since the
Independence of Indonesia. This huge task was decided to be conducted
at the same time throughout the country in 1961.
Kantor Pusat berlokasi di Jl. dr. Sutomo No.6—8, Jakarta Pusat, suatu
daerah dekat pusat bisnis yaitu Pasar Baru dan Pasar Senen. Kantor BPS
juga dekat dengan kawasan kantor-kantor
In the provinces, the census was implemented by the Office of the Governor
and in the regencies/municipalities by the Office of the Regent/Mayor,
whereas in the sub-regencies by special division, established specifically
to carry out the population census. By the Presidential Cabinet Decree
Number Aa/C/9, 1965, the Census Divisions of the gubernatorial,
regency and municipality offices were officially established as Kantor
Sensus dan Statistik Daerah (Local Office of Census and Statistics).
New Order government fully realized the importance of statistical data as
inputs into the process of planning and evaluation of development
activities. Under the New Order Government, various government regulations
were issued to provide legal basis for BPS to carry out its task in
connection with census implementation. There were three regulations issued
on censuses, namely: Government Regulation Number 21/1979 on Population
Census, Government Regulation Number 2/1983 on Agricultural Census, and
Government Regulation Number 29/1985 on Economic Census.
In January 9, 1992, Government Regulation Number 2/1992 on the Organization
of BPS was issued and this was complemented by Presidential Decree Number
6/1992 which stipulate the role, tasks, functions and organizational
structure and working system of BPS. BPS was strengthened again by replacing the old statistical law
with a new one, i.e., Law Number 16/1997 on Statistics.